The yellow, blue, white and purple blooms of crocuses in the early spring will lift your spirits after a long, gloomy, gray winter. If you plant different varieties that bloom at alternate times, your landscape will be full of vibrant color throughout the spring. These easy-care flowers are very low maintenance, which is ideal for beginning gardeners or for those with little time to garden.
Prepare your soil. If it is clay-based, amend the soil by working in some compost and a bit of sand before planting your corms (crocus bulbs) in a full-sun or partial-shade location. This will give you an excellent start on caring for your crocuses.
Space planting times. Plant autumn-flowering bulbs from August through October, and plant spring-flowering bulbs from late September through November.
Cover newly planted crocus corms with a layer of mulch in cold locations. This will protect the bulbs, which require a chilling period but are best not left frozen. Remove the mulch in early spring. Water your crocus bed when the soil becomes dry. This includes winter months if there is little precipitation in your area.
Fertilize your newly planted crocus corms. Use a general-purpose fertilizer after planting. Do not put fertilizer in the newly dug hole, as it will burn the corm. Sprinkle the food on top of the soil, allowing water to transfer the fertilizer to the plant. Repeat this feeding process every fall.
Divide the crocus corms after several years. When you notice the crocuses becoming crowded in the spring as they bloom, dig them up, but wait until fall. Leave some of the corms and remove others, planting them in other areas or gifting them to a neighbor or coworker.
Deter pests. Although crocuses are disease resistant and have few pests, squirrels, rabbits and other rodents see them as a special treat. If you have any of these animals in your area, you may have to create wire cages to cover your crocuses when they aren't in bloom.