Beaked hazelnut, also known as Corylus cornuta, is a shrub or tree with acorn-like nuts. Often eaten by squirrels and deer, beaked hazelnuts are rich in Vitamins E and B-6 and in monounsaturated fatty acids. Plant them in a shaded part of your yard or near a pond for a forest-like feel. Beaked hazelnuts grow up to 10 feet under good growing conditions.
Choose an area for planting that does not get too much sun and wind. A shady part of your garden near a stream bank would be best.
Plant beaked hazelnuts when the weather is cool and moist. Choose a cool part of the day when planting during the hot season, and make sure to have water or irrigation readily available nearby.
Dig a hole deep enough to accommodate the root ball plus half an inch. Plant the seedlings deep enough to cover it with about half an inch of potting soil mixed with field soil.
Plant the seedlings with care given similar to vegetable transplants. Avoid breaking the roots or compacting the soil around the newly planted seedlings. Remove the nuts if they appear on seedlings to prevent attracting rodents.
Water the seedlings immediately to remove air pockets in the soil and to help settle the soil around the roots.
Maintenance and Care
Pull weeds carefully by hand or use a garden hoe to remove weeds around young plants to avoid damaging the roots nearby. Keep at least 1 to 1 1/2 feet around each plant weed-free.
Water seedlings regularly and supply adequate moisture during the first two years to ensure survival. Irrigate or water about half an inch per week except on rainy days An inch of water is necessary in dry soils.
Cover the soil with landscape fabric and woodchip mulch to prevent weeds from growing and to keep the soil moist.
Apply fertilizers with a mixture of K (Potassium), P (Phosphorus) and N (Nitrogen). It is not necessary to apply N during the first two years unless in low organic matter soils (less than 3 percent). Increase the N requirements as the size of the bush increases after the second year. Apply fertilizers when there is good soil moisture any time from May through August.
Cover the seedlings with plastic placed on stakes during heavy rains to protect their fragile branches and prevent drowning.
Place deer fences, mesh cages, spiral tree wrap and repellents to prevent squirrels, deer, pocket gophers, mice and other animals from nibbling and damaging the hazelnuts.