Asian pears are favorites of both professional and amateur horticulturalists, and with good reason.The trees will thrive in nearly any climate and will begin producing prolific crops of fruit in just two to three years. At a maximum of about 15 feet tall, Asian pear trees are good choices for small spaces. The sweet, juicy pears can be eaten fresh off the tree like an apple, can be incorporated into fruit salad, made into jam or even pickled.
Purchase a young Asian pear tree from a greenhouse or nursery. A tree that has been raised locally is preferable because you can be sure it is appropriate for your particular climate.
Choose a sunny area in your garden. Asian pears need a minimum of six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day in order to be full and healthy, and to blossom and bear fruit.
Hoe the soil thoroughly, removing all weeds and stones. Add a few shovels of compost, damp peat moss or well-rotted manure into the top 8 inches of soil. Dig a hole wide enough to accommodate the tree's roots, and at least 6 inches deeper. If you are planting more than one Asian pear tree, leave about 15 feet of space between each tree.
Plant the Asian pear in the hole and fill the hole halfway with soil. Let a hose run slowly into the hole until the root area is soaked, then finish filling the hole with soil, tamping the soil down firmly with a shovel.
Water the Asian pear tree once or twice a week during the growing season. The soil should be evenly moist but never drenched.
Prune Asian pear trees in spring or summer. Remove any branches that look diseased or dead, and prune to shape the tree, removing branches that are longer than the others. Remove branches that seem to be growing toward the center of the tree instead of out, and any branches that are crossing.