How to Grow a Flower Garden

Overview

Growing a flower garden is an enjoyable and rewarding endeavor, if you are willing to put a little bit of work into it. After you have the basic area and design of the garden down, you get to start on the fun part, growing the actual flowers. There are many things you have to keep in mind when you grow a flower garden, from climate to planting locations to annual and perennial flower choices.

Step 1

Choose the types of flowers you want to have in your garden. Do you want all annuals, all perennials or a mixture of both? Designing a flower garden based on a color palette is another option. A flower garden can be fragrant as well, if you plant scented flowers. Also, keep you USDA hardiness zone in mind when choosing flowers.

Step 2

Prepare your soil. Each flower has different soil requirements, as in what kind of soil pH they can handle, from acidic to alkaline, so it is best to plant flowers close to each other with similar requirements in soil and water needs. Also, most flowers need well-drained soil, although the exact soil type: clay, sandy, loamy, will vary. Add a mixture of compost and manure to your soil, and work it in to a depth of about 4 inches. Topsoil may be added if you desire.

Step 3

Plant the flowers or flower seeds. Plant flowers close to each other that will bloom at different times of the year so you do not have bald spots in your garden. Keep in mind the spacing requirements of each flower at maturity.

Step 4

Water your garden regularly. Keep in mind different water requirements for the different types of flowers, and water accordingly. Plant food may be added during watering to increase growth.

Step 5

Winterize your perennial flowers. If you live in a climate that freezes, it is important to protect your perennials from the cold. Allow each plant to naturally die back, and cover them with a 4- to 5-inch layer of mulch.

Step 6

Prune your perennial flowers in the spring, fall or summer, according to the flower type. Remove dead stalks or leaves. Divide perennial flowers that are choking themselves out. Trim back any flowers that are growing out of their bounds. Add compost, manure or fertilizer to your flower garden in the spring as well.

Step 7

Weed your garden regularly to keep weeds from choking out the flowers. Herbicides are not advised for the adverse effect they may have on your flower garden or on your health.

Tips and Warnings

  • Always remove diseased plants from your flower garden to prevent them from spreading the sickness to other plants.

Things You'll Need

  • Fertilizer, compost or manure
  • Mulch

References

  • How to Start a Flower Garden
  • Herbicides: Bad News for Weeds and For Drinking Water

Who Can Help

  • How to Grow Flowers and Lots of Them
Keywords: flower garden, growing a flower garden, grow a flower garden

About this Author

Hollan Johnson is a freelance writer and contributing editor for many online publications. She has been writing professionally since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing and Mac computers. Prior to freelance writing, Johnson taught English in Japan. She has a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics from the University of Las Vegas, Nevada.