Rose grafting creates a strong root system that is well-adapted for the growing conditions. Because most varieties are compatible with each other, roses are easy to graft. This allows you to choose a hardy root stock compatible with your growing zone and graft it to a less hardy bud section. The bud section will grow off of the root stock to produce the color and variety of rose desired.
Disinfect all tools and work space with isopropyl alcohol to eliminate any chance of spreading disease.
Take a cutting of a 1-year-old rootstock shoot with pruning shears to start root stock growth. Remove all the lower buds and put in the soil. This is best done in mid-winter.
Start the preparation of the root stock by cutting it down to six inches in the spring. Make a single cut with a sharp blade one inch in length in an upward slant at the top of the root stock. Mist the cut area with water to prevent it from drying out.
Cut a shoot from the new growth rose plant just below the bud. The cut should have at least two buds for best results. This cut is called the scion. Remove all the leaves except the top-most one.
Make a single cut approximately ½-inch long in downward slant on the scion, again using a sharp knife. This cut should be just behind the bud. Mist the cut area with water to prevent it from drying out.
Place the scion cut section onto the cut area of the root stock, matching the cut surfaces. Hold the two plants sections together by gently wrapping a rubber band or grafting tape to secure them.
Place the grafted rose in a container with compost or organic soil. Mist the plant and cover with a clear plastic top of a soda bottle or plastic bag to create a greenhouse environment. Keep the humidity of the sealed cutting container close to 99 percent. Set under grow lights or in a warm windowsill for four to seven weeks.