Dwarf pomegranates grow very quickly to a maximum height of about 3 feet. By early summer, the plants will be covered with vivid red-orange blooms that attract hummingbirds. In autumn, the trees will bear small but juicy fruits. If you live in a climate where winter temperatures drop below 40 degrees F., plant the dwarf pomegranates in containers and bring them inside.
Save several seeds from the fruit of a ripe dwarf pomegranate tree. Rinse the seeds carefully to make sure any pulp or fruit has been removed, and place them on a paper towel for several hours to dry.
Put a handful of damp potting soil or peat moss into a plastic container and poke the dwarf pomegranate seeds down into the middle. Put the container in the refrigerator for three to four months.
Fill several 2-inch planters with potting soil and plant two to three seeds in each pot, covering them with about 1/2 inch of soil. Mist the planters with a spray bottle of water.
Cover each planter with a plastic bag secured with a rubber band, and poke a few holes in the plastic for ventilation. The plastic will keep moisture in, but check the soil every few days and mist it if it is becoming dry.
Put the planters in a warm place, preferably at least 78 degrees F. The seeds will germinate in two to four weeks, but will be much slower to germinate in cooler rooms.
Remove the plastic from the planters as soon as seedlings emerge from the soil. Move the planters to a sunny window and continue to keep the soil damp.
Plant the seedlings outside in the spring when there is no danger of frost, or plant them in larger containers. Put the plants where they’ll get several hours of direct sunlight each day.
Water the dwarf pomegranates every three days for the first two weeks, then cut back to once every 10 days. Give the plants an all-purpose liquid fertilizer in early spring, mid-summer and late summer. You can also use fertilizer sticks formulated for fruit trees. The plants should bear fruit in about three years.