Growing flowers at home is a source of much beauty and pleasure. Whether you are growing flowers for your home landscape or for indoor use, the basic steps are the same. For a quick and impressive display of flowers, purchase transplants ready to bloom. Flowers grow from bulbs or seeds of annuals in a short time period. Perennials might take a year to flower, but they will produce flowers for many years after.
Choose a location for your flowers. Assess the quality of the soil, drainage and amount of sun that your spot gets daily. Choose flower varieties that are suitable to your location. Consider the size of the mature plant when choosing your location.
Prepare the seedbed. Remove any vegetation currently growing in the area and supplement the soil with a generous layer of organic compost. Mix the compost into the top layer of soil. If you will be planting your flowers in pots, use a good quality potting soil.
Plant flower seeds and bulbs at the depth and time of year recommended for your variety and zone. Cover the seeds or bulb with soil at the recommended depth and press the soil down lightly.
Transplant flower seedlings after the last frost date for your area. Dig a hole that is slightly larger than your transplant. Remove the plant from the container and loosen the roots if they are root-bound. Put the plant into the hole or soil-filled pot and gently fill in around the plant with soil. Firmly tamp the soil down around the plant.
Water your flowers thoroughly as soon as you plant them. Keep the the soil moist but not saturated until the seeds germinate and the plants are established. Water deeply and slowly increase the time between watering to encourage the roots to grow deeply.
Fertilize your plants with a general purpose fertilizer or a formula designed for your particular flower.
Remove dead flowers as soon as possible to keep your plants blooming. If the flowers remain on the plant long enough to produce seeds the plant will stop flowering.
Divide perennials after several years when they become large, overcrowded or show signs of stress in the center of the plant. Flowers that stop blooming or produce fewer blooms than in past years might need to be divided.