The Seed Characteristics of Andrographis Paniculata


Andrographis paniculata, also known as Kalmegh, is an herb that has been used in Asian and Indian medicine for centuries. Every part of this plant is extremely bitter. It is used to treat infectious diseases because of its apparent ability to strengthen the immune system.

Plant Description

Andrographis paniculata is an annual that can grow to 1 meter high with small white tubular flowers 1 to 2 centimeters long with purple colored specks inside the lip of the flower.

Seed Capsule

When Andrographis paniculata goes to seed, it produces an oblong seed capsule approximately 1.5 cm long that is linear, and acute at both ends.

Seed Description

The seed capsule contains many tiny round seeds inside that are roughly wrinkled, almost square, and colored yellowish-brown.

Seed Propagation

The seeds will easily disburse on their own when mature. Andrographis paniculata propagates easily by seeds.


About 400 grams of Andrographis paniculata seed are sufficient to plant one hectare. The seeds are generally sown in May or June in India.


  • Herbs are Special
  • Purdue University
  • Andrographis Database

Who Can Help

  • Andrographis seeds at
Keywords: Andrographis paniculata, Andrographis seeds, Kelmegh seeds

About this Author

In Jacksonville, Fla., Frank Whittemore is a content strategist with over a decade of experience as a hospital corpsman in the U.S. Navy and a licensed paramedic. He has over 15 years experience writing for several Fortune 500 companies. Whittemore writes on topics in medicine, nature, science, technology, the arts, cuisine, travel and sports.