Grapevine Facts

Overview

Grapes are tasty treats harvested from your garden. They can be processed into wine, juice or raisins. Grapevines like full sunlight and average to rich soil. Grapevines grow 4 to 6 feet tall and can spread 8 to 15 feet.

Support

Install your support system before you plant your grapevines. This way you have less chance of disturbing your young transplants later. Train the grapevines up and over the supports as they grow.

Propagation

Grapevines are propagated by cuttings, grafting or layering. It is rare to get a true grape variety through seed propagation.

Care

Keep the soil around the grapevine roots moist. Mulch well to prevent moisture loss. Feed in the spring with well-rotted compost.

Thinning

Thin grape clusters in early summer while the fruit is still small and hard. This prevents overcrowding and uneven ripening of the grapes.

Pruning

Prune the grapevines back to a stump with two buds in late winter. Once the buds have started to grow, remove the weaker bud.

Diseases

Grapevines are susceptible to black rot, botrytis bunch rot and anthracnose infection. Remove and destroy the infected plant parts in order to eliminate the disease.

References

  • The Practical Gardener's Encyclopedia; Geoffrey Burnie; 2000
  • Oklahoma Cooperative Extension: Growing Grapes in the Home Garden
Keywords: grapevines, cuttings grafting layering, black rot

About this Author

Karen Carter spent three years as a technology specialist in the public school system and her writing has appeared in the "Willapa Harbor Herald" and the "Rogue College Byline." She has an Associate of Arts from Rogue Community College with a certificate in computer information systems.