Mediterranean gardens are inspired by the gardens of Greece, Italy and Turkey. Elegant in its simplicity, Mediterranean garden design creates a landscape of organized beds and orchards placed in areas meant to be enjoyed. Incorporating Old World and modern plants, these gardens offer the advanced landscaper an opportunity to create a romantic and colorful oasis in the backyard.
The Mediterranean garden is defined by its geometric pathways and beds. While some circular designs may be incorporated, overall the design contains straight lines and definable pathways. Plants are sorted by their purpose and beds allow ease of access for those purposes. For example, an herb bed containing rosemary will also typically contain thyme and oregano, as these plants are both useful and aesthetically pleasing when they bloom. Orchards are organized with trees spaced equally to ensure optimal growth and shading.
Stone pathways, beds and decorations are essential to the Mediterranean garden, because they add an Old World ambiance that concrete cannot. Pathways should be straight-edged, with beds varying in height, depth and shape. Stones can very in shape and design, but classic colors such as red and gray are the norm. If laying large stones, consider consulting an expert, because various soils may require additives to maintain proper support for the stones and keep the path intact.
Trellises and Arbors
Covered in grapes or roses, trellises and arbors add romance and visual appeal to a Mediterranean garden. Typical building materials include bricks or stones for the columns to support wooden planks. Treat the wood to avoid rot and improve the appearance as the climbing plants establish themselves.
From spices to apricot trees, there is a vast array of plants available for a Mediterranean garden. Beds are meant to be meticulously maintained, so avoid plants that tend to spread quickly, such as lantana. Traditional gardens include herbs such as rosemary, thyme, basil and mint. Roses are always a popular option for beds and trellises, as their flowers can be harvested for various Mediterranean delicacies. Other flower options include olive, lavender and oleander.