Indoor plants provide the surrounding environment with the scenic beauty of outdoors while ridding the air of unwanted pollutants and replenishing oxygen levels. While growing plants indoors can be quite similar to growing in your outdoor garden, there are certain special considerations that should be made for indoor growing.
Introduce your plant to its new environment. Newly purchased indoor plants often require acclimatization to avoid shock. Complete this process by placing your new indoor plant in an area of your home that has lots of sunlight. Leave the plant in the location for three to four weeks, then move it to its permanent location.
Make sure that your indoor plants receive ample sunlight. While the plant's needs might vary, all plants require some sunlight. Place your plants in areas of your home that receive at least four hours of sunlight each day. If the plant is a sun-loving plant that prefers direct sunlight, find a location in your home that sees at least six to eight hours of sunlight each day. Ample sunlight promotes the plant's food production and stimulates its growth.
Ensure that the room's temperature is consistent and comfortable for your indoor plants. Most indoor plants can thrive in temperatures that range between 58 degrees Fahrenheit to 86 F. This is ideal because most home temperatures range between 72 F. and 82 F. Still, ensure that you select your plants to meet its indoor environment. Temperatures that drop below 50 F can cause chill damage on the plant's foliage, leaving yellowing of leaves and defoliation.
Water your plants regularly according to their needs. Similar to outdoor growing, overwatering indoor plants can cause root deterioration, promote disease and result in defoliation or death of the plant. Make sure that your plants are properly drained. Avoid not watering your plant enough to prevent drought, hardening of soil and deterioration. When making a watering schedule, consider the humidity of the room, plant size, size of the container, soil moisture and light intensity.
Fertilize your indoor plants regularly. Develop a fertilizing schedule according to the needs of the plant, its types, soil volume and light intensity. Each plant might have its own schedule, while some might be the same. Apply small amounts of fertilizer as the plant grows. If there is very little new growth, there is only a need for a small amount of fertilizer. As with outdoor growing, your indoor plants will require more fertilizing during the growing period (summer months), and less during the winter months.