Starting with the Seeds
Pea vines and pods grow quickly from seeds planted and germinated in the spring in nutrient-rich and moist garden soil. The pea seeds are treated with an inoculant powder at planting time to prevent fungus and boost germination rates. Peas seeds are sown at 1-inch intervals and the surrounding soil is kept moist throughout the growing season. Pea seeds grow into healthy plants in a sunny location where they receive at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. Optimal ambient growing temperatures are between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Higher temperatures will retard flowering and pea pod production.
Young pea plants require good sun exposure to their foliage, vines and tendrils. Trellising and structural supports allow the pea vines to use their climbing tendrils to spread out and expose more plant surface area to the sun. When given sun and water, the vines will produce flowers. The flower petals will die back and the base of the flower will develop into a seed pod or what is known as the pea pod.
Pod Production & Harvest
Approximately 60 days of growth time are needed for planted pea seeds to mature into plants, produce flowers and then pods that are mature enough for harvest and consumption. The perfect time to harvest pea pods is when the peas inside the pod achieve the size of the seed you originally planted and become just a bit larger. They must be picked at this peak of freshness. They will degrade and become starchy in just 1 to 3 days. Fast harvesting of the pods at their peak and then daily plucking will stimulate the plant hormones to produce more pods giving you a bigger harvest.