Chickweed is a winter annual broadleaf plant that is also known a starweed, winterweed, bindweed and tongue grass (See References). The plant is also herb and weed that spreads abundantly in the spring. The weed is tolerant of hot and dry conditions, and it is often considered a distraction to lawns and vegetable gardens. However, the weed is also commonly used in herbal medicine to help with asthma, coughing and to help reduce fevers. The weed can spread fast since the stems of the weed can branch out and go along the ground.
Remove any chickweed by hand and by using a small shovel to make sure you uproot all of the weeds. Make sure to wear latex gloves when handling the weeds. You should entirely remove the weeds in the middle of fall.
Mark the area where the chickweed was growing so you can easily locate before the winter and in early spring. You can use small flag or wood stakes mark the area of chickweed grass.
Apply a post-emergent herbicide in late fall to prevent the chickweed from growing back. Kinds of post-emergent herbicide include dichlorprop, triclopyr and dicamba.
Apply a pre-emergent herbicide to the area where the chickweeds grew in early spring before any growth of seedlings. Pre-emergent herbicides include dithiopyr, dacthal, pendimethalin and simazine . Follow the instructions on the bottle so that you don’t disrupt other areas of grass.
Apply a 1-inch layer of mulch to the area where the chickweed was. The mulch can consist of grass clippings, stripped bark, wood chippings, manure and dead leaves. The mulch will help to prevent seed germination.