Bamboo plants typically are transplanted when they begin to grow out of control, or when a homeowner wants to change his garden design. If you are moving to a new home and you want to take your bamboo plants with you, you must uproot them and keep the root balls moist. Running bamboo is most commonly transplanted since it spreads quickly; clumping bamboo typically remains in one place.
Obtain a chain saw. A chain saw is the best tool to dig out the soil around the bamboo since the plants are typically hard to uproot with a shovel. The chain saw should have a tungsten chain.
Saw at least 12 inches into the soil or deeper if you have tougher soil (see References). Cut in a circular motion around the bamboo so that you don't touch any of the rhizome buds.
Grab the stalk of the bamboo plant and move it back and forth. Apply enough pressure to disconnect the roots from the soil (see References).
Fill a plastic bag with a mixture of moist soil and compost. Make sure the soil is not too moist--it could rip the bag.
Gently remove the plant and place the root ball into the bag of moist soil. Tie the plastic bag to the root ball with rope. Carefully move the bamboo to where you want to plant it.
Stand the plant vertically and take remove the plastic bag. Dig a hole deep enough to cover the root ball, then fill the hole with soil and water the plant immediately.