Plants that grow indoors come in all shapes and sizes. In most cases, plants are grown indoors because they are native to a different type of environment and would not survive outside. They give the plant lover a chance to experience horticulture from around the world.
There are literally thousands of varieties of begonias that are divided into three types: Tuberous, Semperflorens and Perennials. They should be kept in filtered--not direct--sunlight and at temperatures between 64 and 73 degrees. They can develop root rot, so make sure there are drainage holes in the pot and just keep the soil moist, not wet. The leaves are waxy green or chocolate colored and the flowers come in red, white, pink, or yellow--all with a yellow center. Begonias will grow to a height of between 6 and 9 inches
Dieffenbachia are foliage plants that should be grown in indirect sunlight. They should be kept at temperatures from 68 to 79 degrees. Dieffenbachia should be planted using regular potting mix. Just keep the soil moist. It can survive the soil going dry, but it will affect the growth rate. Dieffenbachia can reach a height of 6 feet with dark green leaves that are mottled in white. The leaves can be as long as 20 inches wide and 10 inches across. The sap of the dieffenbachia can burn the mouth and temporally paralyze the vocal cords.
Maranta is also called the prayer plant. The leaves fold up at night and look like two hands folded in prayer. Keep maranta in diffused sunlight and in temperatures ranging from 73 to 84 degrees. Use regular potting soil and keep it moist with the exception of the winter months when the soil should be allowed to go dry between waterings. Water should not be allowed to stand in the crown of the plant. It will make the stems rot. Maranta is a tropical plant from Brazil. The leaves are oval shaped and grow to about 5 inches long and 2½ inches wide. The leaves lie parallel to the ground, are light green and have bright red veins. The plant is small, growing only to a height of about 10 inches.
Sansevieria is know by a few names--snake plant, mother-in-law's tongue and bowstring hemp. It is a succulent, related to the cactus, and very easy to grow. Sansevieria can stand up to poor light, drought, changes in temperature and neglect. The one thing it cannot take is too much water. Keep it in moderate or diffused sunlight at temperatures between 64 and 73 degrees for the best results. Use regular potting soil and let it go dry between waterings. It can grow as tall as 4 feet.