Vegetable Garden Basics

Vegetable Garden Basics image by Vegetable Garden by Gabriel, Sown Together/
Vegetable Garden Basics image by Vegetable Garden by Gabriel, Sown Together/


Vegetables are best when they are garden-fresh. The best way to start a garden is to grow a small one with your favorite vegetables. Be realistic about how much time you have and how many vegetables you want.


Make a list of vegetables you like to eat. Look for the different types of these vegetables that suit your climate and growing conditions.

Site Size

Your vegetable preferences will affect the size of your garden site. Check the back of your seed packages to see how much room you need per vegetable type. Spacing your vegetables properly ensures a healthy harvest.


Most vegetables need six to 12 hours of sunlight each day. The south and west sides of houses and slopes receive the most light.


Vegetable gardens require at least 1 inch of water each week. Make sure your garden is within reach of a hose or irrigation pipe. Avoid low areas that collect water and high areas that have excessive drainage.


Good soil makes for a successful vegetable garden. Avoid heavy clay, loose sand and compacted soil. Use lots of compost to enhance the soil before planting.


  • The Practical Gardener's Encyclopedia; Geoffrey Burnie; 2000

Who Can Help

  • Colorado State University Cooperative Extension: Vegetable Garden Site Tips
Keywords: vegetable garden, compost, gardens

About this Author

Karen Carter spent three years as a technology specialist in the public school system and her writing has appeared in the "Willapa Harbor Herald" and the "Rogue College Byline." She has an Associate of Arts from Rogue Community College with a certificate in computer information systems.

Photo by: Vegetable Garden by Gabriel, Sown Together/