Almond trees are an ideal addition to any garden or landscape, as they grow to nearly 20 feet tall and produce an abundance of light pink flowers throughout the winter and spring. On top of their aesthetic beauty, they provide you with bountiful, tasty healthy almonds in the summer. It takes an almond tree about two to three years before reaching maturity.
Find a place to plant the almond tree. It should be an area with full sun where it can be watered generously, although almond trees are a little more tolerant to dry weather. The area also needs proper drainage, so plant the tree on a slope if possible. Plan to plant the almond tree in the spring. Almond trees can be planted in most regions, but they do not fare well in areas with long winters that have long periods with temperatures in the single digits. They grow best in moderate to dry climates.
Plant at least two almond trees in order to have cross-pollination, as almond trees are not self-fertile. The ideal thing about almond trees is that they can be planted close to each other, and the branches will intertwine. They can be planted in the same hole in the ground, with their root balls about two feet apart.
Plant the almond tree in a hole that is wider than it is deep, with the root ball fitting comfortably into the hole. Soak the root ball with water, then add fruit tree fertilizer in the planting hole. For areas with high wind, tie the trunk to thick stakes to support it when the tree is young. Don't leave stakes tied to the tree for more than a year and a half so the roots can develop properly.
Water it once a week for about 20 minutes to get the water to the roots. The soil should have time to dry in between watering. The tree needs proper drainage.
Place netting over the almond trees if you have problems with wildlife or birds getting to the nuts before you. Harvest almonds when they turn from green to brown and begin to split open to reveal the almond nut inside. Almond trees bloom in spring, so almonds will be abundant in summer, mainly from July to the end of September.
Prune almond trees after the tree has gone dormant in late fall or winter. Trim dead, broken or diseased branches. Pruning your almond trees promotes new growth.