Sideoats grama grass
image by Drew Avery: Flickr.com
Grama is a perennial grass that grows mostly in prairie locations in central North America. Grama grass grows naturally in the prairies, but it is also used as a ground cover or lawn grass in dry areas that do not get much water. Grama grass is used to prevent erosion and to provide food for livestock and other animals in dry climates.
Clear the ground area to prepare for planting. Grama grasses will grow best on clean, fertile soil, so remove any weeds in the area and raking the ground thoroughly. If you are planting in an area that has only grown weeds for a while, water the area and wait for the weeds to emerge from the ground. Pull these weeds immediately to prevent any weeds from dropping seed and getting in the way of the new grama grasses.
Measure the area you will be planting the grama grass. Grama grasses grow best in hot, full-sun locations with dry summers. Measuring the area will allow you to determine how much grama grass seed you will need to completely cover the area where you would like to plant. Allow one pound of grass seed for every 350 square feet of land.
Mix the grass seed with sand. Because the consistency of the grass seeds are light and fluffy, mixing the seeds with sand will help them become more manageable and they will spread more easily. Mix one part sand with one part seeds and mix thoroughly in a large bucket.
Sow the grama seeds into the lawn area. Grama seeds grow best when planted in the fall, 2 months before the first winter frost. Using your hands, gently sprinkle the seed and sand mixture evenly over the area you would like to cover. Using your rake, work the seeds into the ground and water the area thoroughly. Water the grass two times per day until the grass germinates. The grass will germinate within one to two weeks.
Avoid overwatering grama grass. Grama grass is a plant that loves hot, dry weather and only needs to be watered once every two weeks after it is established. Although grama grass may turn brown, it will turn green again after several waterings. Pull any weeds from the area to allow water and nutrients to be absorbed more readily.