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Bitter panicgrass, also known as coastal panicgrass, is a hardy grass that can grow to heights of 3 to 6 feet tall. It is referred to as coastal panicgrass because it does very well in sandy soils along beaches and helps with erosion. Bitter panicgrass is a bluish green color and can be up to 1/2 inch thick. It is grown throughout the United States and thrives on well drained, fertile soil, but can survive drought conditions.
Choose a sunny location to plant your seeds. Before you begin sowing your seeds, you must get the soil ready. If the soil is very sandy, the bitter panicgrass will only survive where other species of grass have been successful. Choose a 10-10-10 fertilizer over the area where you plan on planting the seeds. Use about 500 pounds of fertilizer per acre of land. This will help to promote good seed growth and healthy green plants.
Plant the panicgrass seed from early spring until May. Seeds should be planted 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep in soil that is heavy and textured. The panicgrass can even be planted in areas that are exposed to ocean overspray. In sandy soil the seeds should be planted about 2 inches deep and in rows that are 10 to 20 inches apart. Use about 6 to 8 pounds of seed per acre for the best results.
Water your panicgrass every 2 to 3 weeks. Allow the soil to get dry before you re-water. If temperatures are extremely hot you can water more frequently but you should never allow the soil to get soaked with water. You can also fertilize in the spring and winter when you fertilize. Average times between watering are around 20 to 25 days.
Fertilize the grass twice a year after it is established. Use a fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen and potassium in the spring, such as a manure compost. In the wintertime it is best to use an organic fertilizer as much around the base of the plants.
Use insecticides if you notice you have pests on you bittergrass. The grass is not susceptible to insects and other problems but they can occur.