Black Eyed Susan Facts
image by Creating Character/Flickr
In addition to the native Black-eyed Susans, several varieties are available. Becky is an unusual plant because it has orange, yellow, russet and mahogany colored blooms all on one plant. Toto and Maya are dwarf varieties with yellow flowers that can be used in the front of a flower border. Cherokee Sunset has bright yellow double blooms. Prairie Sun and Irish Eyes have unusual flowers--yellow with light green centers.
Black-eyed Susans are larval plants for Bordered Patch (Chlosyne lacinia) and Gorgone Checkerspot (Chlosyne gorgone) butterflies, so they are excellent plants for butterfly and wildflower gardens. They are grown as cutting plants and the flowers will last 6 to 10 days in a floral arrangement.
Pests and Diseases
Aphids suck sap from black-eyed Susans, while goldenglow sawflies may defoliate the entire plant. Four-lined plant bugs also attack black-eyed Susans.
The plants are susceptible to wilt caused by downy mildew, as well as leaf spots. Powdery mildew and white smut are also problems on black-eyed Susans. Verticillium wilt causes the death of infected plants.
About this Author
Melody Lee began working as a reporter and copywriter for the "Jasper News" in 2004 and was promoted to editor in 2005. She also edits magazine articles and books. Lee holds a degree in landscape design, is a Florida Master Gardener, and has more than 25 years of gardening experience.