How to Grow Pears

Pear image by MorgueFile.com: greenfinger

Overview

Pears are one of the easiest fruits to grow. The white blossoms in the spring are fragrant and pretty, and the tree will produce many delicious pears once it is mature. Pears can be enjoyed fresh and whole, or canned or made into pear jelly. There are many varieties to choose from; Bartlett and Seckel are two of the more common ones.

Step 1

Purchase a pear tree seedling at your local nursery. You can also start the tree from seed, but it will take two years to grow the seedling to the same size that the nursery carries.

Step 2

Decide where to plant your pear tree. Find a location that gets plenty of sun. The soil should be drained well.

Step 3

Dig the hole. The hole should be deep enough to add some compost and still be able to bury the tree as deep as it sat in its container pot.

Step 4

Add compost. Mix the compost with the garden soil thoroughly.

Step 5

Place the tree into the hole. If it came in a decomposable pot, leave it in the pot. If it came in a burlap bag, remove the bag before planting.

Step 6

Water the tree. Once the soil is thoroughly saturated, add more soil and compost if necessary.

Step 7

Stake the tree to protect it from excess wind damage and allow it to grow straight.

Step 8

Place fruit tree fertilizer spikes around the tree. These provide additional nutrients for the young sapling.

Step 9

Train the branches to grow horizontally. Cut back some of the vertical branches as the tree gets bigger to encourage fruit growth.

Step 10

Harvest pears before they are fully ripe. The speckles on the fruit will be brown when the fruit is ready to be picked. Remove the pears from the tree by twisting gently as you pull the fruit away from the branch.

Step 11

Place the pears in a paper bag or box and store in a cool, dark place to ripen.

Step 12

Apply dormant oil fruit spray every spring to kill insects. Follow manufacturer's recommendations for proper application. Wear a protective mask.

Things You'll Need

  • Pear tree sapling
  • Compost
  • Shovel
  • Hose
  • Stake and twine
  • Fruit tree fertilizer spikes
  • Dormant oil fruit spray

References

  • University of Illinois Extension
  • University of California Cooperative Extension
Keywords: pear tree, planting pears, growing pears

About this Author

Cate Rushton has been a freelance writer since 1999, specializing in wildlife and outdoor activities. Her published works also cover relationships, gardening and travel on various websites. Rushton holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Utah.

Photo by: MorgueFile.com: greenfinger