Flower gardens are a wonderful way to add color and pizazz to a yard, whether you plant the garden for purely aesthetic reasons or want to harvest flowers for crafts or medicinal uses. Before you get started, however, you'll need to know a few basics, so that your flower garden grows healthily, blooms vigorously and produces the results you want. Planning a flower garden takes a little time, effort and imagination.
Choose the best location for your garden. Various flowers will grow in different seasons, depending on climate, location and care. Regardless of where you live, most flowers need adequate amounts of sunshine, so choose locations that will offer them at least a few hours every day. Southern exposures are good for some, while others prefer northern exposure. Purchase or borrow a book regarding the types of flowers you're interested in growing in order to determine the best location for your variety or species.
Decide on colors. Some gardeners love to play with color, and a variety of flowers produce a multitude of shades and colors. Do you want subtle shades of blues and purples, such as those produced by the day lily or morning glories, or do you prefer bold, bright color statements, such as those that come from sunflowers? Choose flowers that bloom at different times of the year, so you'll have color in your garden nearly year-round, depending on where you live.
Choose your gardening space wisely and make the best use of your space. Small spaces like a patio or balcony may require a variety of pot sizes and shapes to give a three-dimensional appearance. Place larger pots behind smaller pots. Graduating heights and colors of flowers and shrub choices work best. For example, ground-covering vines and low-growing flowers like Lobelia should be planted on the outer edges of a flower bed, perhaps followed by petunias or verbena, then graduating to taller flowers such as daisies or roses. This way, larger flowers won't block the view (or sunshine) from flowers or plants behind them.
Select species and varieties of flowers that blend in with your environment. If you live in the Southwest, choose flowers native to the area, which will ensure their suitability for the climate. For example, it may be very difficult to plant a fuchsia vine in the heat of the Arizona desert, but such flowers do very well in the the East, where humidity and cooler temperatures prevail.