How to Care for Vincas


Vinca plants are very easy to care for; they will tolerate drought, shade and heat well. They don't require a lot of specialized care, and will thrive if you follow some general guidelines for water, sun and fertilizer. Vincas can grow either outdoors or indoors. There are two main kinds of vinca: vinca minor, the perennial flowering groundcover, and vinca major, the annual vine.

Caring for Vincas

Step 1

Choose a site where they will grow well. Plant vincas in shady spots or in barren or sandy areas, since they tolerate poor soil well also. If you don't need them for that purpose, plant them in well-drained, loose soil in partial shade for best growth.

Step 2

Add about an inch of bark chips, mulch or dry compost to keep trailing leaves and runners off the ground. This will help prevent pests and diseases later, and also helps keep down weeds and conserves water.

Step 3

Fertilize vincas with a small amount of blended 10-10-10 fertilizer once a month, or less frequently if you want to limit their growth. Use a granular or water-soluble fertilizer for easiest feeding.Don't overwater to avoid rot problems. Drip irrigation or soaker hoses are ideal for watering vinca.

Step 4

For regular care, water occasionally. Longstanding vinca minor beds need little to no watering at all, while vinca major is less drought-tolerant and needs slightly more frequent watering. Vinca major and vinca minor both will tell you when they need water when their leaves begin to wilt.

Step 5

Control either vinca by mowing or cutting it back once a year, to keep it free from disease and growing healthily. The cutback helps the plants add new growth afterward. After cutting or mowing, fertilize and water.

Tips and Warnings

  • When watering vinca, direct the water onto the mulch or soil rather than the plants, to avoid fungal infections that can happen when the plants themselves get wet. Vincas are largely pest-free, except for aphids. If aphids turn up, wash them off the plants with a hard spray of water from a hose.

Things You'll Need

  • Mulch
  • 10-10-10 fertilizer
  • Mower or hand scythe


  • University of Illinois Extension Gardening
  • National Garden Bureau
  • Michigan State University Plant Encyclopedia

Who Can Help

  • University of Illinois Extension Gardening
  • National Garden Bureau Vinca Fact Sheet
  • Michigan State University Plant Encyclopedia
Keywords: care of vincas, how to care for vincas, vinca plant care

About this Author

Kim Hoyum is a Michigan-based freelance writer. She has been a proofreader, writer, reporter and editor at monthly, weekly and daily publications for five years. She has a Bachelor of Science in writing and minor in journalism from Northern Michigan University.