No matter what type of rose you are planting--tea, tree, climbing or floribunda--they all start out the same way and need to be planted in the same manner. Just plant roses in the right place, set them in correctly, give them some food and wait for the blooms to appear.
The spot you pick for planting your roses is an important decision. The location should have a minimum of 4 hours of direct sun a day. Roses do not like wet roots. If the place you pick tends to retain moisture, consider planting in a raised bed. Simply build a wall about 2 feet above ground level, and fill with soil to the top. This should keep the roses high and dry enough. If the opposite is true and the soil is too dry, add in organic material like peat, manure humus and compost. It will hold just enough water.
There are some general rules to follow no matter what type of roses you are planting. First, make sure the hole is just a bit larger than the size of the pot for container roses, or the root system for bare root roses. Second, add in some bonemeal directly into the hole. Use a spade to loosen up the soil in the hole and add compost or peat moss. Mix more compost or peat moss in the soil that you took out of the hole and use it to fill in around the plant. Gently pat the soil around the rose, but not so much that the soil becomes too compacted. Give it a good soaking.
Bare Root Roses
Bare root roses are the most common type and the ones you are most likely to get from mail order nurseries. They do not come in soil. Plant bare root roses in the spring. It will take a year for them to reach full potential. It is a good idea to soak the roots in a pail of water for a few hours before planting. Bare root roses will be dormant and have to be planted while they still are. In the warmer winter areas, plant so that the union where the bush joins the roots is 1 inch above the soil level. In areas with moderate winter temperatures, it should be even with the soil line and in the cold climates, it should be 2 inches below the soil level.
Roses come potted in soil, usually in containers. They can be planted either in the spring or fall. Cut the roots to fit in the container, so growth is slow the first year. They will be growing--not dormant like the bare root roses--so the roots do not need to be soaked. They are also easy to plant. Just dig the hole as deep as the root ball and plant so that the top of the soil on the plant is even with the top of the hole.