Many outdoor favorites can be grown inside over the winter.
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When winter comes and the garden outside is dying off for the year, it's a great time to grow an indoor vegetable garden. Not only do you keep the outdoor scavengers away from your garden, but also you get to enjoy eating homegrown, fresh vegetables when there's snow on the ground. Growing indoor vegetables in the winter isn't much different from doing so outside, but plants need attention daily to ensure good growth and health.
Set up a series of flower pots and containers on a flat surface, table or area of floor that won't be needed for quite a few months. Choose an area of your house where no pets or other animals can disturb your growing plants.
Mount a grow light, whether a fluorescent rack or a clamping lamp, so it hangs over the plant area. Be sure you are using grow light bulbs to give your plants the optimum lighting.
Fill the pots with soil and plant seeds or seedlings according to the packaging instructions. Typically vegetables such as carrots, radishes, cucumbers, onions, lettuce, tomatoes and peppers are successful in indoor vegetable gardens.
Keep your soil moist to encourage seeds and seedlings to become established. Avoid letting your plants dry out by checking on them daily and finding a regular frequency for watering.
Check your plants for pests daily. The sooner you see a pest, the sooner you can identify it and treat it with the appropriate pesticide or natural remedy.
Fertilize your plants based on the preferences of the types of vegetables you are growing. While some will need to be fertilized only once when planted, others perform better when fertilized again before or during blooming.
Run an oscillating fan to keep heat from building up below your grow lights. The fan running will also promote strong, straight growth in your plants' main stems.