Apricot trees are beautiful, self-pollinating plants. You do not need to plant many trees to ensure a steady supply of fruit. They are also one of the easiest trees to care for and require very little maintenance to remain healthy. However, regular pruning of apricots is essential to prevent broken branches caused by excessive fruit production. The trees make a great addition to both large and small spaces.
Avoid planting apricot trees in areas prone to frost. Frost will kill apricot blossoms. The trees are also sensitive to high temperatures, which means they do not do well when planted in the middle of fields exposed to direct sunlight.
Water consistently throughout the growing season. Lack of moisture during hot summer months will lead to small fruits, according to the National Gardening Association. Later in the year, too little water can interfere with bud set for the following year. Water deeply every 10 days to two weeks when rain is scarce.
Fertilize each spring with nitrogen fertilizer. Apricot trees planted in soil rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium may not require fertilizer.
Prune in the early spring to thin lateral branches and encourage new growth and fruit production. Remove fruiting wood that is older than 6 years.
Thin when branches are weighed down with fruit to avoid small fruit and broken branches. Apricot trees will produce too much fruit when growing conditions are optimum. Remove excess fruit until each cluster has no more than three or four healthy apricots.
Check trees frequently for signs of brown rot disease. Brown rot affects apricot trees primarily in areas where humidity levels are high. Brown rot disease causes circular, brown, squishy spots to develop on the fruit. With time, the fruit will shrivel and become fuzzy. Brown rot can also affect the stems and leaves.