Peas picked straight from the garden have a sweet flavor that will almost melt in your mouth. However, it's important to take great care when harvesting peas because peas harvested too early will be small, and when harvested too late, they can be dry, hard and bitter. Watch the peas carefully in the summertime because even one day can make a tremendous difference. Peas can be eaten fresh, or they can be frozen for a taste of summertime in the middle of winter.
Keep an eye on the lower part of the pea plant because those peas will usually be ready first. Harvest the peas when the pods are bright green and appear plump and slightly swollen. Don't let the pea pods become too full because this is an indication that the peas are overripe.
Harvest the peas every few days as they become ready, and in several days, the plant will produce the last batch of peas. At this time, the easiest way to harvest the peas is to pull the entire plant
Use the peas as soon as possible after picking for optimum flavor. If you are unable to use them immediately, poke a few holes in a plastic bag, put the peas in the bag and store them in the refrigerator for no longer than three days. If you want to freeze the peas, blanch them for about two minutes and immediately transfer them to a bowl of ice water. Drain the peas, and freeze them in plastic bags or containers. Frozen peas will last up to a year.