The possibility of fresh, delicious fruit in your back yard makes pear trees an exciting addition to your home garden. Pear trees, like most fruiting trees, require diligent care in their early years to ensure not only a robust tree, but one that produces a high yield of fruits as well. Pruning your pear tree consistently and properly is the best way to encourage strong growth and to prevent diseases, branch overcrowding and breakage. Always prune your pear trees during their dormant stage, usually between February and March.
Locate any diseased, dead or damaged branches, and remove them with the garden pruners. Make an angle cut on the branch ¼ inch out from the branch collar, which is the small lip where the branch grows out from the trunk.
Cut away any branches that are rubbing against each other using the same method as when removing damaged branches.
Securely tie a piece of nylon string around one of the larger main limbs, about 2 feet up from the ground.
Gently pull on the string until the limb is forced to move outwards from the center of the tree. Stick a stake into the ground where you stand, and secure the end of the string around the stake, hold the limb in place. Repeat for any other large limbs. This will train your pear tree to grow in a wine glass shape, which will promote air circulation and more fruit.