How to Care for Bromeliads

Bromeliads cannot survive in low temperatures. image by Patti Haskins/


Bromeliad is a family of flowering plants made up of about 2,400 species native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. The family is extremely diverse, and made up of many different types of plants, including both pineapples and Spanish moss. Bromeliads are grown almost exclusively indoors in temperate climates because they cannot survive in low temperatures.

Step 1

Plant bromeliads in a large planter filled with a potting soil made up of one part peat moss, one part perlite and one part bark. Place the bromeliads in a location that receives between four and six hours of bright, direct sunlight each day.

Step 2

Keep the temperature between 60 and 70 degrees F at all times, or the plant's growth will suffer. Place a thermometer near bromeliad plants to ensure the temperature is within the safe range at all times.

Step 3

Keep the water inside the bromeliad's cup full at all times. Rinse the cup out once every three to four days by adding extra water, dumping it out and refilling with water. Use only distilled or filtered water because excessive sodium content can lead to stunted growth.

Step 4

Allow the soil and roots to dry out between watering. Water deeply enough to moisten the entire root system, but not enough to make the soil soggy because root rot can occur. Feed using a balanced slow-release fertilizer twice a year, once in summer and once in fall.

Step 5

Prune away dead leaves to conserve nutrients, and to allow the plant to focus on new growth. Remove any pups that grow by cutting them off as close to the stem as possible. The pups can then be repotted and grown, or discarded.

Things You'll Need

  • Planter
  • Peat moss
  • Perlite
  • Bark
  • Thermometer
  • Distilled water
  • Slow-release fertilizer


  • Texas A&M University Department of Horticulture: Bromeliaceae
  • University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences: Bromeliads
  • Clemson University -- Home and Garden Information Center: Bromeliads
Keywords: bromeliads, bromeliad plants, bromeliad

About this Author

Willow Sidhe is a freelance writer living in the beautiful Hot Springs, AR. She is a certified aromatherapist with a background in herbalism. She has extensive experience gardening, with a specialty in indoor plants and herbs. Sidhe's work has been published on numerous Web sites, including

Photo by: Patti Haskins/