Functions of the Parts of a Flower

The typical flower is made up of pistil (or female parts) and stamen (or male parts). A perfect flower has a pistil and stamen, such as a lily. An imperfect flower has either all pistil parts or all stamen parts, such as a cucumber blossom.


Petals are colorful and some variations are scented. They attract insects to the plant.


The stigma is located in the center of the bloom and is where the pollen is found. It has a sticky substance to which pollen adheres.


The style is a long stalk that raises the stigma above the ovary. The style varies in length.


The ovary is located at the bottom of the bloom. In the flower, it protects the location of the seed. In fruit-bearing plants, the ovary turns into the fruit that will be harvested.


The ovule is located inside the ovary. It is the seed of the plant that will eventually germinate into a new plant.


The stamen is the pollen-producing part of the flower and is made up of two parts: the filament and the anther. The filament is a hair-like stalk that holds up the anther. The anther produces and contains the pollen.

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Angela Robinson is a work at home mom who is currently pursuing a career in freelance writing. She enjoys the challenge of researching and writing on topics such as home and garden, travel, education and health issues. Angela enjoys the expansion of knowledge as well as the flexibility that freelance writing offers.