How to Plant a Sunflower Seed

Plant a sunflower seed outdoors in the garden each spring. image by clconroy:


Sunflowers are a garden flower loved by people of all ages. Whether you grow the giant variety that will grow to tower boldly 10 feet in the air or one of the smaller varieties, the planting is essentially the same. Make sure you choose a sunny spot in rich soil and give the sunflowers plenty of water throughout the growing season. Your reward will be beautiful sunflowers that nod in the soft summer breeze, seeking out the sun as it passes overhead.

Step 1

Work the soil in the spring after the last frost date down to a depth of approximately 5 inches. Add approximately 2 inches of compost to the soil surface and work this into the soil completely with the spade.

Step 2

Create the sunflower rows. To plant giant sunflowers, space the rows 4 feet apart and each seed 3 feet apart. To plant regular sunflowers, space the rows 3 feet apart and each seed 2 feet apart. To plant miniature sunflowers, space each row 3 feet apart and each seed 2 feet apart.

Step 3

Plant each seed approximately 1 inch below the soil and tamp the soil down firmly over the seeds. Water the seeds generously.

Step 4

Cut the mesh screen so that it will fit over your sunflower rows. Stretch the screen over the rows and lay it down directly onto the soil. Place bricks along the edges to hold the screen securely onto the soil over the rows. This will protect the seeds from birds and rodents while they are germinating.

Step 5

Keep the soil evenly moist while they are germinating. Watch for the sprouts to emerge from the soil and when you see them, remove the mesh screen.

Step 6

Give the sunflowers at least 1 inch of water every week and fertilize the sunflowers with a general fertilizer one or two times during the growing season. Mix the fertilizer with water according to the recommendations on the fertilizer package. Pull weeds by hand around the sunflower plants.

Things You'll Need

  • Compost
  • Spade
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Trowel
  • Water
  • Mesh screen (1/4-inch holes)
  • Wire cutters
  • Bricks
  • General fertilizer


  • Growing Sunflowers
Keywords: sunflowers, sunflower seeds, beautiful sunflowers

About this Author

Kathryn Hatter is a veteran home-school educator and regular contributor to "Natural News." She is an accomplished gardener, seamstress, quilter, crocheter, painter, cook, decorator and digital graphics creator and she enjoys technical and computer gadgets. Hatter's Internet publications specialize in natural health and she plans to continue her formal education in the health field, focusing on nursing.

Photo by: clconroy: