Chestnut trees are synonymous with Christmas. Roasted chestnuts are enjoyed around the holidays, and growing your own chestnut tree is a great way to enjoy this treat. While the American chestnut tree is all but extinct due to a blight, there are other varieties of chestnuts that can be grown by the home gardener with a little bit of care.
Choose a chestnut tree. Chinese varieties are the most popular as they grow the tallest, about 50 feet, are resistant to the blight and produce large sweet chestnuts. However, Japanese chestnuts are also blight-resistant and smaller, only about 30 feet, and produce chestnuts sooner than the Chinese chestnut.
Dig a hole. The hole must be as deep as the chestnut tree's container, usually two to three feet. The circumference must be wider than the tree's container so the tree will fit in the hole easily.
Place the tree in the hole. Cover the hole with soil. Do not fertilize it.
Water well several times a week. Give your chestnut tree about ten gallons of water a week. Add water soluble fertilizer after the tree has been planted for a month.
Place mulch around the base of your chestnut tree. Keep the mulch about a foot away from the trunk.
Prune your chestnut tree annually. It will take between three and ten years for your chestnut tree to produce nuts.