Roses are a prized possession in many yards and gardens; but they are also rather fragile and sensitive. Transplanting them can be quite tricky, but with the proper care and knowledge of how to do so, you should be able to relocate your rose bush with no problem. When done properly, you can enjoy your roses for many years.
The best way to determine when you should transplant your rose bushes is to consider the area where you live. In cooler areas, it may be best to transplant in the spring, while warmer environments would probably be better suited for a fall transplant. Wait until the rose bush enters the dormancy period, in later winter or early spring, to reduce the risk of shock to the roses.
If a spring transplant is planned, be sure that there is no more threat of frost or freezing weather. Check to ensure that the soil is fairly warm. Fall transplants may encourage dormancy, so it should be done before frost or cold temperatures arrive.
If your rose bush is doing well in its current climate, it's ideal to transport it to a location with a similar climate. Roses prefer a rich, fertile area and need lots of sun and water. Prepare the planting hole in advance, before digging up the rose bush. Add plenty of compost to the hole, which should be around 15 inches deep with plenty of room to let the root ball and root system pass. This should be about 1 foot wide. Leave a small mound of the enriched soil in the center of the hole. This will be where your rose bush will be set. Water the rose bush in the present location for about 2 days before the transplant. It is best to transplant on an overcast or cloudy day.
After preparing the hole for transplant and watering the rose bush well, begin to dig the bush out of its present location. Dig about 1 foot around the bush and to a depth of about 15 inches. Lift the root ball carefully, and try to take as much soil as possible. Place the bush on the mound in the new hole and spread out the roots. It should be just above the ground, and you should use about half of the prepared soil to fill in the area around the rose bush. Water it so that it fills up and drains, then add the remaining soil, getting rid of air pockets by pressing firmly. Prune the bush back using angled cuts and ridding it of any weakened parts. Continue to water the rose bush regularly.