How to Prepare Flower Beds


When you are building a new flower bed, take the time to improve the soil before you plant. Adequate sunlight is important, as is regularly fertilizing the plants. However, nothing is as important as preparing and improving the soil before you plant any flowers.

Step 1

Position your flower bed in a place that gets full sun. Flowers need at least 8 hours of sun per day to produce lots of blooms.

Step 2

Mark the borders. Pound a small stake into each corner of the bed and run a string from stake to stake. If your flower bed has curved edges, mark them by laying a hose on the ground or by painting the borderline with spray paint.

Step 3

Prepare the soil. Loosen the soil by tilling or turning it over with a garden shovel. Dig down the depth of the shovel. Break up any large clumps of soil and remove any large rocks. Pull and remove all vegetation.

Step 4

Add soil amendments. Add at least 2 inches of compost to the surface of the flower bed. Add 2 to 4 inches of peat moss. Apply slow-release granulated fertilizer specially formulated for flowers to the soil's surface, following the manufacturer's instructions.

Step 5

Incorporate the amendments into the soil by rototilling again or by turning over the soil with the shovel.

Step 6

Rake the flower bed smooth with a garden rake. It is now ready to be planted.

Things You'll Need

  • Stakes and string
  • Tiller or garden shovel
  • Compost
  • Peat moss
  • Granulated fertilizer


  • Prepare flower beds
Keywords: how to prepare flower beds, flower beds, prepare soil

About this Author

Sharon Sweeny has a college degree in general studies and worked as an administrative and legal assistant for 20 years before becoming a professional writer in 2008. She specializes in writing about home improvement, self-sufficient lifestyles and gardening.