How to Start a Kitchen Compost Bin

Homemade compost helps to improve the soil in your garden or lawn. image by Suavehouse113:


A kitchen compost is a cheap and effective way to turn your kitchen scraps into fertilizer for your garden. It prevents more trash from going to the landfills, so it's great for the environment. It also increases the output of your garden, and the size of your vegetables. You'll save money by using compost as your fertilizer rather than buying it at a store. Here's how to make your own kitchen compost bin for those scraps in your kitchen.

Step 1

Select a large plastic bin with a lid you can open and close without much hassle.

Step 2

Add moist potting soil to the bottom two-thirds of the bin. Place a layer of shredded newspaper or straw over the top of the soil.

Step 3

Add food scraps on top of the newspaper. Uncooked vegetable scraps, egg shells and coffee grounds are great. Never add meat, processed or cooked foods. Leave space between the scraps, and do not overfill the bin.

Step 4

Cover everything with a layer of hay to keep it from getting smelly. Put the lid on the bin.

Step 5

Set the bin in a shady part of the kitchen for two days before adding the worms. This will make the environment perfect for the worms by adding microbes that are beneficial to their diet.

Step 6

Peel back the hay, and add the worms in a pile. Do not spread the worms out. Cover them again with the hay.

Step 7

Point a light at the top of the bin for one day to encourage the worms to go deeper into the bin.

Step 8

Add more scraps every couple days without letting it get too full. Some of the scraps should already be composting.

Step 9

Add the finished compost to your garden.

Things You'll Need

  • Large plastic bin with cover
  • Potting soil
  • Newspaper
  • Food scraps
  • 1/2 pound worms


  • Worm Composting
Keywords: compost, garden, kitchen

About this Author

Based in Ann Arbor, Mich., Robin Coe has reported on a variety of subjects for more than 15 years. Coe has worked on environmental health and safety issues in communities across Ohio and Michigan. Coe holds a Bachelor of Science in journalism with a double-major in international politics from Bowling Green State University. She has also received training and experience as a nurse aide.

Photo by: Suavehouse113: