Flowers are all around us and beautiful to observe. People fill their yards, homes and gardens with flowers and give flowers as gifts or in remembrance all the time. Did you ever wonder how this remarkable creation continues to flourish? Or what makes one different from another? Understanding the basic parts of a flower will provide you the answers to these questions.
Basic Flower Parts
The flower is the most distinguishing element of the plant because it is the location of sexual reproduction. It is unlike the rest of the stem (flower stalk or peduncle) and is a specific branch of it that bears the flower parts or altered leaves of it. Flowers are separated into a large number of groups and classifications because of the numerous structures each has, but there are some basic parts to be considered. These can be divided into accessory and reproductive organs.
The parts of a flower that are identified as accessory organs are not connected to the pollination process. The receptacle or torus is the upper part of the stem and the location of the flower's connection to the stem and development area. Other parts include the perianth or the outer floral sections which is composed of the corolla and the calyx. The calyx is a ring of sepals, which are most often green (not always) and part at the base of the flower that looks like a petal. It is the shield for the rest of the floral. The corolla is inside the calyx and is made up of petals. The petals provide defense for the inner organs of the plant and draw insects for pollination.
These parts of the flower are directly part of the pollination and fertilization of it. These can be divided into male (stamen) and female (pistil) parts. The stamen contains two parts, the filament that is the thread-like element holds up the anther. The anthers are typically yellow and carry the pollen. The pistil consists of three parts, the stigma that has a sticky essence that holds pollen grains and is on top of the next part--the style. It raises the stigma away from the third part, which is the ovary that protects the ovule or egg-containing part of the flower. Some flowers have both male and female parts and some have one or the other.