Strawberries are one of the easiest fruits to grow, especially in containers. They won't be subject to as many pests or diseases as those grown in the ground and they can be positioned virtually anywhere that has 6 to 8 hours of sun per day. A well tended container of strawberries provided with winter protection will produce berries for two to three gardening seasons.
Choose the container. Strawberries grow well in most containers. Try either a 16- inch hanging wire basket lined with sphagnum moss or a 16- to 24-inch clay or ceramic pot with drainage holes in the bottom.
Select the type of strawberry you want to grow. There are three main types of strawberries: June bearing, everbearing, and day-neutral. June bearing strawberries produce a crop of large berries in early to mid June, depending on your location. Everbearing strawberries produce a small crop in June and a larger crop in late summer to early fall. Day-neutral strawberries produce smaller berries throughout the growing season; however, they stop producing during the hottest summer temperatures.
Prepare the containers. Use a mix of three parts potting soil to one part garden compost. Line a hanging wire basket with sphagnum moss and fill it with soil. To plant strawberries in a clay or ceramic pot, place a layer of gravel in the bottom of the pot and fill it with soil.
Plant the strawberry plants in the containers. Plant 12 to 16 plants in the sides of the hanging wire basket. Poke a hole through the wire and insert a plant, keeping the crown outside of the soil. Then plant 4 to 6 strawberry plants in the top of the container. Plant 12 to 18 strawberry plants evenly spaced on the surface of the soil in a clay or ceramic pot. Position the plants so that the crown is just above the soil line.
Water the plants thoroughly until the water flows out of the bottom of the pot or out the sides of the wire basket.
Put the container in a place that receives six to eight hours of sun each day.
Check the soil in your container grown strawberries regularly. They may need to be watered every day particularly during the hottest summer days.