How to Grow Climbing Rose Bushes
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Climbing roses are among the most astounding plants in the rose family. In his book, "Climbing Roses," Stephen Scanniello notes, " Climbing roses are the acrobats and aerialists of the rose garden, the carefree plants that tumble over fences, scale walls and trellises, fling themselves over arches, and swing aloft on ropes and chains." Climbing roses are those roses that shoot toward the sky and immediately grab the attention of any beholder, making them the focal point of any scene. Enhance your garden by growing your own colorful climbing roses that will create an atmosphere of beauty and serenity.
Select a location for the climbing rose bush, keeping in mind that it will need approximately 6 hours of sun each day, sufficient room for the mature bush and soil with adequate drainage. A lack of any of these things could lead to disease and fungus in the bush.
Prepare the selected location by using a shovel to dig up the site. Remove any weeds, grass and rocks. Mix organic matter, such as compost, into the soil to safely fertilize it.
Test the soil using a soil testing kit to determine its alkalinity and acidity. Roses thrive best within pH levels of 5 and 7. Add lime to your garden site if the soil is too acidic and peat moss if it is too alkaline.
Dig a hole approximately 2 feet wide and 2 feet deep in which to plant the climbing rose bush. Position the hole approximately 2 feet away from the object it is to climb, such as a trellis or porch.
Fill the hole halfway with equal amounts of water and peat moss, and carefully place the rose bush into the hole within the mixture. Position the bush so that the bud union, or the place between the rose canes and the roots, is directly above ground level.
Hold the bush in place as you fill the hole with enough potting soil to firm the water and peat moss mixture to support the bush.
Press the trellis into the ground approximately 2 feet behind the rose bush so as not to damage the root system. Spread a layer of mulch atop the soil surrounding the rose bush, slightly covering the bud union so as to contain the water to the bush as it adapts to its new location.
Grow the rose bush by watering it every other day for one month. Water the bush deeply by directing the water toward the roots and avoiding saturating the leaves or petals, as this will help the roots to grow deeper into the ground. Water the bush between 3 and 5 times a week once you begin to observe new growth emerging from the bush.
Tie the canes of the climbing rose bush to its support system, such as the trellis, (as it begins to grow and climb) using twine and taking care not tie them too tightly, which can damage the canes. Prune any dead leaves or blossoms from the bush as needed and discard them.