Summer means longer days and hotter temperatures. Lawn maintenance, while important every season, is especially important during the summer season. Proper fertilization, water and location are vital in maintaining a healthy green lawn. Neglect or ignorance of proper lawn care can result in a damaged lawn and in some instances can even cause long-term damage.
Watering a Lawn
An established lawn requires less water than a newly sown lawn. With that said, it is also important to remember that a newly sown lawn requires less water than one that has a strong root system. A new lawn should be kept only moist in order to build the strong roots and an older more established lawn need to be watered deeply in order to maintain the root system. A good rule of thumb is to lightly sprinkle a new lawn daily and to uniformly water a more established lawn once a week. The amount of water an established lawn requires to help avoid fungus and insects is approximately 1 inch of water. Over-watering can cause damage to the lawn resulting in fungus and disease.
Fertilizing a Lawn
Fertilizing a lawn is an important factor in maintaining healthy lawn. Grass, as with any other plant, require special vitamins and nutrients in order to grow the strong, healthy root system. Choosing the correct fertilizer and applying it correctly is a key factor in creating a green, lush, healthy lawn. During the summer months, when the lawn is in its most active state, fertilizer can be applied monthly. The type of fertilizer needed will depend on the location, the type of lawn and the soil. Soil testing kits can be purchased at any nursery. Soil should be tested before fertilizing in order to know which fertilizer is needed.
Yellow Spots and Bare Patches
A lawn can become diseased for a variety of reasons, but the most common cause is a nutrient deficiency. Applying a broad-spectrum fungicide will usually correct this problem.
Another culprit is dull lawn mower blades. Mowing with dull blades tears the grass instead of cutting it. This causes the grass to become sick or diseased. Always be sure that blades are sharpened properly before mowing.
There are other factors to consider when a lawn develops yellow spots or bare spots. Pet urine can cause a lawn to turn yellow. If the spots green up after applying water, this is more than likely the cause.
Insects, such as grub worms, can also cause bare patches and yellow spots. There are many insecticides on the market today. It is very important to always read the label on the insecticide to determine which product will work best.