Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea)
This many-rooted rhizome grows to a height of about 30 inches. It has a creeping, somewhat invasive habit. The leaves at the base of the plant are bright green and pointed ovals, while the leaves on the flower stem are smaller ovals. The flower stems produce spikes of simple golden yellow flowers, which have clusters of stamens.
Propagate by root division or from seeds. The soil should be rich and light, and the location should be sunny. Lift roots every other year and replant to prevent matting and invasive spreading. S. canadensis is an ornamental variety , suitable for the herbaceous border.
Cut the plant off at ground level and hang upside down to dry.
Goldenrod has several anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, and is an excellent diuretic. It can be used in conjunction with echinacea for the treatment of nephritis and cystitis. Use it for upper respiratory infections when there is an overabundance of mucus and postnasal drip.
Goldenrod contains bioflavonoids, which strengthen the veins and is therefore indicated for varicose veins and fragile capillaries. It is also a carminative, and will ease colic and flatulence. Because of its antifungal properties, it can be used as a douche. Goldenrod is generally prepared as an infusion.
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