Shasta Daisy (Chrysanthemum maximum)

Shasta Daisy (Chrysanthemum maximum) - Garden Basics - Flower - Perennial

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Plant Information Type: perennial
Propagation: dividing clumps, seed
Light: full sun
Flower Color: most are white
Bloom Time: mid summer to fall
Height: 1-3 feet
Soil Requirements: well composted, moist during growing season, well drained when dormant
Zones: 4-10
Uses: beds, borders

The Shasta daisy is a creation of plant breeder Luther Burbank, who for 15 years interbred wild species of chrysanthemums from various parts of the world to produce this modern mainstay of perennial gardens. They range in size from 1 to 3 feet tall and will bloom some time between mid-summer and fall. The flowers, as large as 6 inches across, come in single, double and anemone forms, and are nearly all snow white with occasional tinges of yellow.

Shasta daisies do well in Zones 4-10 and do best in full sun. They need a soil that has been enriched with organic material such as compost, leaf mold or cow manure. They will need ample watering during the growing season and good drainage while dormant in the winter. Space the plants 12 to 14 inches apart.

They are easily grown from seed in the spring, but those grown from seed will not bloom until the second season. Division of clumps is the prefered method of propogation, and this can be done in the spring. To prolong the bloom pick off flowers as soon as they fade. To prevent overcrowding, divide painted daisies and Shasta daisies after three or four years of flowering, feverfews after one or two years.

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