Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria majalis) - Garden Basics - Flower - Perennial
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Plant Information Type: perennial
Light: partial shade
Flower Color: white
Bloom Time: spring
Height: 12 inches
Width: 12 inches
Soil Requirements: almost any soil
Uses: groundcover, shady areas, fragrant cut flowers, filler
Lily-of-the-valley will spread slowly to form a thick carpet of green that remains attractive from early spring to late summer. The white bell-shaped flowers brighten areas of dense shade beneath trees and along north walls where few other plants will grow, much less bloom. It grows well in Zones 2-7 and is rarely troubled by pests and diseases, this easy ground cover requires virtually no care, although it benefits from a mulch to conserve moisture. The foliage dies down in fall, leaving the ground bare until spring. It won't survive well in high-traffic areas. Plants live for decades in cool climates but die out quickly where summers are hot.
Plant in very early spring or in fall, setting them about 4 inches apart, or plant 6- to 8-inch sods with their centers about 1 foot apart at any time the ground can be worked. Propagate by digging up and dividing pips when plants are dormant in early spring or fall.
Lily-of-the-Valley spreads slowly through underground and makes an attractive, fragrant groundcover. New plants can be propagated by dividing clumps at any season. The delicately fragrant flowers are often used in wedding bouquets.