The John Deere 110 lawn and garden tractor, often called a lawn tractor, is now considered an American classic. The first John Deere 110 tractors, now highly prized by collectors, were made in Horicon, Wisconsin, in 1963; the last model was released in 1974. An original 1963 model is on display at the National Museum of American History of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C.
The first model of the John Deere 110 had a 44-inch wheelbase and weighed 500 pounds. It had a Peerless three-speed transmission and was designed for high-speed mowing and simple tilling chores. The introductory model was powered by a 277 cubic centimeter, 7-horsepower Kohler model K161 engine. The air-cooled Kohler engine was made of cast iron.
To prevent children from starting the engine by accident, the power train of the John Deere 110 had to be disengaged and the clutch in neutral before the key could be turned. To show off this kid-proof feature, early John Deere advertisements featured children playing on the tractor.
The 1963 model of John Deere 110 had enclosed drive belts and round, fiberglass fenders over the rear tires. It also featured a grill and hood to protect the engine. The 1963 John Deere 110 featured a mower deck that attached to the front; its "integral hitch" rear lift accepted farm implements that used the Brinly-Hardy style sleeve hitch.
John Deere introduced the 8-horsepower Kohler K181S engine in 1964 and used steel instead of fiberglass for the fenders. The next year, the company added a fourth speed to its Peerless transmission. In 1965, John Deere offered an optional, factory-installed hydraulic lift on its model 110.
John Deere released a one-piece fender deck to replace the separate, round fenders in 1968. The company increased the size and weight of the frame in 1972 and offered an optional, larger Kohler K241S 10 horsepower engine. The later models of the John Deere 110 weighed 775 pounds. John Deere added an optional electric hitch in 1973.
The serial number of the John Deere 110 can be found on a plate located beneath the steering wheel. The serial numbers of the original 1963 model range from 2,500 to 3,500; John Deere sold 1,000 tractors that year. The serial numbers of the 8-horsepower 1964 model, also highly valued by collectors, run from 3,500 to 15,000.