Roots, stem, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds are the six major parts of a plant .Of these, seeds are important source of food for many birds and animals, including humans. Some of the edible seeds that form a major part of our diet are beans, legumes, cereals and certain nuts. Besides being a source of food, seeds play a crucial role in giving rise to a new plant. Seeds disperse to remote locations by numerous agents like wind, insects and water and help in plant propagation.
Sesame seeds are oval shaped tiny seeds highly valued for their nutritional content .Sesame seeds are being used since ages for oil production. The seeds are produced by the plant, the Sesamum indicum, an annual plant found in India and some parts of Africa. Sesame seeds are a rich source of manganese, vitamin B, copper and vitamin E. The seeds are eaten raw in some parts of the world and also used as a condiment in certain dishes.
Peanut seeds are red, oval shaped seeds that are popular all over the world. According to the Peanut Institute, 2.4 billion pounds of peanuts are consumed in the U.S. every year. Peanuts though often classified with nuts are in reality legumes that fall in the same group as dry beans, peas and lentils. Peanuts are a rich source of niacin and folate. Peanuts are also used to make oil that is cholesterol free. The seeds are used to make peanut butter, a highly popular foodstuff in many parts of the world.
Grape seeds extract is used widely as an antioxidant and regarded widely in ancient Egyptian culture for its anti-aging properties. The seeds are rich source of vitamin C, linoleic acid, flavonoids and Resveratrol. The Resveratrol is the chief compound that has been noted to possess antioxidant properties. Grape seeds extract are used in treating diabetes, improving night vision, protecting collagen and treating hemorrhoids. Grape seed is often a major constituent in capsules, tablets and liquid extracts. Grape seeds also help in treating the hypertension
Pumpkin seeds are commonly known as pepitas and are flat, dark green in texture. This seeds have a sweet taste and are eaten as a delicacy. Pumpkin seeds are traditionally being used in many recipes in Mexico. Pumpkin seeds are high in nutritional content especially phosphorous, magnesium and manganese. The seeds also contain vitamin K and certain proteins.