Growing a good mother plant can be relatively easy when done correctly. Gardeners and plant nurseries grow mother plants so cuttings can be removed to make identical clones of that specific type of plant. Generally, mother plants are highly cared for to ensure they are always healthy and disease free. You can easily grow a good mother plant in your own home or greenhouse.
Select a seedling of the plant type you wish to turn into a mother plant. Inspect the seedling and make sure there are no signs of disease or pests.
Fill a medium-sized terracotta pot with moisture-retaining potting soil. Plentiful moisture around the plant roots is key to making a distinguished mother plant.
Place the freshly potted seedling(s) into a greenhouse (if available), where the mother plant will be in a controlled environment; If a greenhouse is not available, place the freshly potted seedling(s) indoors, where they will be undisturbed.
Water the seedling(s) frequently or as needed to keep the soil around the base moist to the touch, but not soaked.
Cut back the seedling(s) once they have grown five or six shoots or branches off the main plant. Use sharp pruning shears to cut the plant back down to its original stem. This strengthens the root system, a critical task when growing a good mother plant.
Re-pot the mother plant once a year in fresh moisture-retaining potting soil. Before re-potting the mother plant, trim off approximately an inch of its root system on the sides and base of the plant, using sharp scissors or a garden knife.
Take cuttings from the mother plant when the plant has reached maturity. The mother plant will be thick with foliage and have shoots approximately 6 inches tall coming from the main stem. Use sharp pruning shears to remove three or four shoots from the mother plant. Make your cut just above the nodes from the first initial trimming.
Place the cuttings into a growing medium and begin caring for them as new transplants.