Planting Vegetables in June


While most gardeners plant their vegetable gardens between Mother's Day and Memorial Day, there's no reason you can't plant your vegetables in June. If you've had a rainy spring or live in an area with a short growing season, you may have no choice. Many plants, including beans, corn and tomatoes, thrive in the warm soil. Choose short-season varieties that take less time to mature, and grow long-season crops like melons, pumpkins and tomatoes from plants instead of seeds.

Step 1

Spread a 1- to 2-inch layer of compost over your garden area. You'll need one 40 lb. bag for each 5-by-5-foot garden area. Cultivate the garden by digging 6 inches into the earth and turning your shovel over, mixing the compost into the soil and breaking up dirt clods as you go. Rake the soil to smooth and level it.

Step 2

Dig a shallow furrow for your seeds with a hoe. Plant small seeds like carrot and lettuce seeds at a depth of 1/4 inch. Plant medium-sized seeds like cucumber and bean at a depth of 1/2 inch. Plant large seeds like pumpkin and corn at a depth of 1 inch under the soil. Space the seeds according to package directions. Cover the seeds with soil and pat gently with your hands.

Step 3

Dig small holes for your seedlings and gently squeeze the containers to remove the plants. Place the plants in the holes and firm the soil around them, patting down with your hands.

Step 4

Water your garden with a fine mist sprinkler for 20 minutes after planting. Thereafter, keep the soil evenly moist and check it daily, especially if the June weather becomes hot and dry.

Step 5

Cut the bottoms off gallon-size plastic milk jugs. Rinse the jugs out and place them over young seedlings if the nights remain chilly. If you live in a northern climate or at a high elevation, nighttime protection is especially important. Remove the jugs when nighttime temperatures remain consistently above 65 degrees.

Step 6

Fertilize your garden when seedlings are 12 inches tall. Spread a slow-release granular fertilizer made for vegetables on the soil around your plants. Lightly hoe the fertilizer into the ground and water the soil for 20 minutes to activate the fertilizer. Don't get fertilizer on the leaves or roots of the plants.

Things You'll Need

  • Compost or manure
  • Shovel
  • Rake
  • Hoe
  • Seeds and seedlings
  • Hose
  • Plastic milk jugs
  • Slow-release fertilizer made for vegetables


  • Iowa State University Extension Office: Planting and Harvesting Times for Vegetables
  • University of Illinois Extension: A Taste of Gardening
  • Renees Garden: Planting in June/July
  • Oregon State University Exension Service: Grow Your Own

Who Can Help

  • University of Minnesota Extension Office: Planting the Vegetable Garden
Keywords: June planting, vegetable gardening, planting times

About this Author

Julie Christensen has been writing professionally since 2001. She is a full-time freelance writer and former teacher with writing credits from several regional and national publications, such as Colorado Parent and LDS Living. She specializes in parenting, education and gardening topics. Christensen studied early childhood education at Ricks College, and spent 20 years as a teacher and director in university and public school settings.