Lawrenceville, Georgia, is approximately 30 miles north of Atlanta. Founded in 1821, for many years it was somewhat rural and home to small farms. Although it has grown considerably, gardens are still an important part of Lawrenceville life. Closer to the northern part of the state, the temperatures are mild compared to other areas of Georgia. Located in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zone 7, there are many fruit trees that can thrive in the area.
Peach trees (Prunus persica) should be planted in hardiness zone 6 to 9 in full sun at least 18 to 20 feet apart. The soil pH level should range between 6.5 to 7.0 You may need to add lime to achieve this. Perform a soil test to be sure. Self-pollinating peach trees will begin to produce fruit within three years. Fertilize every spring with fruit fertilizer and repeat lime application if necessary. Standard-size peach trees can be maintained as a dwarf by using proper pruning methods. Water during droughts.
Pear trees (Pyrus communis) come in many varieties that will grow well in zones 5 to 8. The oriental pear is a favorite among southerners and should be planted in full sun between 12 and 20 feet apart for cross pollination. The soil should be dense, moist and well-drained. Perform a soil test to make sure it contains a light acidic content before planting. Fertilize each spring and carefully prune your pear tree to control its height, which can reach up to 20 feet. You can expect to harvest fruit during the fall season within two to three years.
Bing Cherry Trees
Bing cherry trees (Prunus avium) are the most popular cherry trees in America and are well suited to USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. Plant in a full sun area within 18 to 25 feet of each other to allow for cross pollination. The planting area should allow for good water drainage. Fertilize each spring and expect the fruit to bear within two years, usually in July. Cherry trees can grow to heights of 35 feet, so keep this in mind for smaller garden areas. Water during drought.
Plum trees (Prunus salicina) should be planted in full sun in an area with good water drainage. Plant within 16 to 18 feet of each other for cross pollination, although some types are self-pollinating. The plum tree can grow to be be 20 feet high and thrives in a variety of soil types, but test to make sure there are at least mild levels of alkaline in the soil. Fertilize each spring with a fruit fertilizer and you should begin to harvest fruit within two to three years. Water during drought.
Apple trees (Malus x domesticado) do well in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. Plant your apple trees in a full sun area about 10 to 15 feet apart for cross pollination. Apple trees can reach heights of up to 25 feet and enjoy well-drained soil that is moist and acidic. Fertilize each spring and keep trimmed to control growth and shape. You can expect your apple tree to bear fruit within two to three years. Water during drought.