Types of Lilac Bushes

Lilacs are one of the most fragrant flowers in the plant world. They are an adaptable shrub that originated in Europe. Lilacs prefer well drained, slightly alkaline soil conditions; shrubs may not bloom if the soil is overly acidic. Plant lilacs in full sun for maximum bloom. Lilacs come in a wide range of colors and styles, and are often used as privacy screens, hedges and as standalone shrubs in landscape design.

Sensation Lilac

Purple flowers edged in white make the sensation lilac live up to its name. The sensation lilac is a deciduous shrub that reaches 8 to 15 feet in height, and spreads 6 to 12 feet when fully mature. The shrub blooms in April and May and produces incredibly fragrant flowers. Plant your sensation lilac in well-drained soil and make sure it has full sun exposure for at least 8 hours a day. Keep the soil moist and provide good air circulation. Sensation lilacs are susceptible to blights, leaf spots and viruses. Common pests include borers, scale and leaf miners. Control pests with the proper solution of pesticide. Use sensation lilac shrubs as hedges, privacy screens and borders.

Madame Lemoine

The common white lilac, known as the Madame Lemoine, produces sweet-scented blossoms that are white or creamy white in color. Flowers bloom in mid spring and last until late spring. A deciduous shrub, the Madame Lemoine grows to be 12 to 15 feet tall and has a width of 12 feet. Madame Lemoine lilacs require full sun exposure and thrive in alkaline-based, well-drained soils. Common diseases are black spot, powdery mildew and scales. These shrubs attract few pests, but are susceptible to borers and leaf miners. Madame Lemoine lilacs are used as hedges and privacy screens. Cut flowers to bring the fragrance of the lilac into your home.

Albert F. Holden

The Albert F. Holden lilac was developed by famed lilac expert Father John Fiala. Flowers take on a bi-colored look due to the silvery blush on the outside edges of the dark violet colored petals. The Albert F. Holden blooms in the early weeks of spring. They reach heights between 12 and 15 feet, and may grow to 20 feet at full maturity. The Albert F. Holden lilac prefers well-drained, alkaline soil conditions and thrives in full sun. This deciduous shrub is deer resistant and best used as hedges and privacy screen. The Albert F. Holden is adaptable to seashore conditions. Control pests such as borers and scale with the proper use of insecticides.

President Lincoln

A fast-growing shrub, the President Lincoln lilac will reach heights of 10 feet or more, and can expand to be 6 feet wide. Plant this shrub in full sun in alkaline soil that is well-drained. The blooms on the President Lincoln lilac are a stunning, wedge-wood blue and are incredibly fragrant. The shrub is susceptible to scale and stem borers. Control pests by spraying shrubs with a proper solution of insecticide. Mildew may form on plants in late summer when conditions are humid and damp. Mildew is not harmful to the plant. Use President Lincoln lilacs as standalone shrubs, hedges or privacy screens.

Keywords: lilac shrubs, lilac varities, sensation lilac, white lilac, holden lilac

About this Author

Amy Deemer began her writing career in 1992. She began writing online content in 2009 and writes primarily for Answerbag and Garden Guides. Deemer enjoys researching and writing about flowers, plants and gardening. Deemer has an Associate of Arts in liberal studies from Westmoreland Community College.