Construction Ideas for a Garden Pond

Garden pond designs vary as much as the personalities of those who live with them. Virtually limitless possibilities abound when creating a garden pond, from factory preformed kits to dig-it-from-scratch ideas--finalizing the design can be the hardest part. Take a look around your landscape to find the perfect place for your garden pond, measure the area, then decide what pond or water features will be the best for your situation.

Preformed Pond Kits

Premade pond kits are available at most home improvement stores and include a variety of shapes and sizes. These kits often include pump and filtration systems that are perfectly matched to the size of the pond and can include preformed waterfalls, fountains or other water features. This takes the guesswork out of choosing the right items.

Free-Form Ponds

Free-formed ponds can be made to suit any space or preference and use heavy plastic sheeting to form the pond liner. A pond is dug into the ground and the liner is laid in the bottom, being stretched as the water is filled into the pond, to create a smooth bottom surface. This kind of pond allows the pond to be any size or shape, limited only to the length and width of the liner. Line the top edge of the pond with patio blocks, natural stone or other materials to hold the liner in place and give the pond a more natural look.

Above Ground Ponds

For some applications, digging a pond is not possible or desired. For this kind of project, an above-ground pond can be built either with a preformed pond or using concrete blocks and mortar. When the frame is built and ready, waterproofing or marcite can be applied to retain water in the pond. Fountains and waterfalls can be constructed for use with these ponds and natural stone accents can be applied to give it a more natural feel.

Ponds Made From Recycled Materials

Half barrels, old iron pots, children's swimming pools and garden tubs can all be used to create whimsical ponds in a garden. Anything that holds water can be turned into a garden pond--just be sure to purchase a filtration system that is made for the volume of water. Add plants in or around the pond and a few fish and you have a simple garden oasis that fits your personality.

Keywords: garden pond ideas, garden pond types, make garden ponds

About this Author

Robin Lewis Montanye is a freelance artist, designer and writer. Her articles have appeared in newspapers, national magazines and on several self-help areas of the web. Montanye specializes in gardening articles with information from several universities. She has Internet articles published on, and