Russia is a rugged country filled with an abundance of native flowers. Despite its often harsh weather conditions, many types of flowers flourish across the Russian landscape. Several of these flowers bloom in the late winter or early spring, filling otherwise barren winter scenery with bright splashes of color. Numerous varieties of indigenous Russian flowers are commonly found throughout the United States.
Camomile (Matricaria recutita), a member of the daisy family, is the national flower of Russia. Camomile flourishes quickly with minimal care and typically grows to between 10 to 12 inches in height. Beginning in the late spring and continuing into the summer, camomile produces pretty flowers with delicate white petals surrounding a bright yellow center disc. Camomile grows well in full sun conditions and sandy, well-drained soil. Known for its many medicinal purposes, camomile is used to treat a variety of conditions, including stomach problems, depression and inflammation. It is also used in a variety of commercial products, including lotions, cosmetics and sunscreen, according to the website Complete Herbal. Camomile is probably most popularly known as the key ingredient in camomile tea. Camomile is hardy to USDA planting zones 4 to 9.
The giant snowdrop (Galanthus woronowii) is native to southern Russia. This showy white flower, which resembles a bell, begins to bloom in late winter. The appearance of the giant snowdrop is usually one of the first signs of the onset of spring, often pushing through a layer of snow. This plant thrives in full sun with moist, well-drained soil and grows up to 12 inches in height, according to the website The Plant Experts. Giant snowdrop is hardy in USDA planting zones 3 to 9, although it does particularly well in zones 5 to 9.
Arnica (Arnica montana) grows in the wild in mountainous areas of southern Russia. Arnica has a short blooming period, blossoming in July to produce bright yellow flowers. Arnica grows well in moist, well-drained soil and can tolerate full or partial sun. Arnica has many medicinal purpose and is used topically, as well as ingested. This plant causes irritation upon contact with skin, according to the Plants for a Future website. Unable to tolerate frost, arnica is hardy to USDA planting zone 6.
Prairie crocus (Pulsatilla patens), a member of the buttercup family, is commonly found throughout eastern Russia. Flourishing in hot, sunny locations, this plant is typically found in open woods and prairies. This early-blooming plant appears at the very beginning of spring, often before the frost has disappeared, producing mauve, six-petaled flowers with bright yellow centers. Prairie crocus thrives in hot areas with full sun exposure and sandy soil, according to the Nature North website. Prairie crocus flowers open only on sunny days, and if the weather is cold or cloudy, they remain closed. Prairie crocus is hardy to USDA planting zones 3 to 8.